Electricity in Pakistan is generated and transmitted by two different public sector companies; the thing is that all over Pakistan, WAPDA is distributing electricity. However, it does not provide electricity in Karachi and some other small towns near Karachi.
K-electric is another sector producing electricity to cover the whole of Karachi and some towns near Karachi. Forty-two power producers in Pakistan are offering much in generating electricity to cover the need of the hour.
As for Pakistan, currently, to conquer the need for electricity, many production methods are used. It is roughly estimated that:
- 64% of electricity is generated from fossil fuels
- 27% of electricity comes from hydropower
- 5% comes from nuclear power, and the remaining 4% comes from renewables
It is a company under the order of Pakistan electric power company; it is responsible for the distribution of electricity in the allocated areas. This company buys electricity from different companies such as WAPDA, PEPCO, and some other private companies to meet the country’s requirements.
The government owns all the companies providing electricity in Pakistan; besides this, the K-Electric is a private company responsible for distribution in Pakistan’s largest city Karachi.
List of electricity distribution companies in Pakistan:
In Pakistan, many companies are working to make electricity; all of them are on this list:
- Islamabad electric supply company (IESCO)
- Lahore electric supply company (LESCO)
- Faisalabad electric supply company (FESCO)
- Gujranwala electric power company (GEPCO)
- Hyderabad electric supply company (HESCO)
- Sukkur electric power company (SEPCO)
- Multan electric power company (MEPCO)
- Karachi electric supply company (KESC)
- Peshawar electric power company (PESCO)
- Quetta electric supply company (QESCO)
- Tribal electric supply company (TESCO)
The Karachi electric supply company is privately owned; it is also known as K-electric.
These are the companies that are generating electricity to meet the requirements all over Pakistan.
Islamabad electric supply company (IESCO)
IESCO is an electricity company located in Islamabad; Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan, and there are many virtual offices located in this city. This company was incorporated in 1998; it was designed and specially made to take over the assets and the functions of the IAE board.
This was a part of the WAPDA division first. This company aims to produce and sell electricity to 6 districts; it is responsible for providing electricity from Attock to Jhelum district and from River Indus to the River Neelum in Kashmir.
It is currently servicing 2.8 million consumers directly; besides this, there can be side users using the electricity.
Lahore electric supply company (LESCO)
LESCO is the only distribution company that distributes electricity to some of the biggest cities of this country. It is responsible for providing electricity to these districts:
This company comes under the primary organization you know as WAPDA. It is made in 2001 to unbundle the WAPDA work; it is also known as the AEB (Lahore area electricity band). There are almost 68 132 kV and 14 66 kV substations to meet the need for electricity. However, later the number changed as there are changes in the station.
Faisalabad electric supply company (FESCO)
Faisalabad is another big city in Pakistan; FESCO company is located in Faisalabad to meet the electricity requirements here. Besides this, some other districts come under this company known as FESCO. These districts are:
- Toba Tek Singh
These are some of the famous districts in Pakistan; this company is assigned to deliver electricity to these districts.
It was manufactured in 1998; besides this, it makes electricity from water and then transfers it to about 4.1 million consumers.
Gujranwala electric power company (GEPCO)
Gujranwala is a large electricity consumption district; there is an exceptional company manufactured to meet its electricity requirements. Some other communities are linked to the GEPCO. This company buys electricity from WAPDA and some of the other private companies, and then it sells it to the areas under its jurisdiction.
These are the districts that come under the GEPCO:
- Mandi Bahauddin
Hyderabad electric supply company (HESCO)
The AEB of Hyderabad is one of the 8 AEBs made through amendments in WAPDA in 1981. Then later, the Hyderabad electric supply company is manufactured that took over all the responsibilities and started distributing electricity in the Hyderabad AEB.
This company is still owned and run by the water and power development authority, also known as WAPDA.
Sukkur electric power company (SEPCO)
This is one of the other companies that come under the government of Pakistan; this company is responsible for supplying electricity in districts such as:
The Sukkur electric supply company is modifying the old company known as HESCO; the areas under the jurisdiction of HESCO are now divided equally between two sub-companies. One of these is SEPCO, and the other one is HESCO.
Multan electric power company (MEPCO)
MEPCO is one of Pakistan’s biggest power supplying companies; it is responsible for distributing electricity to 13 districts of south Punjab, Pakistan. It distributes energy from hydroelectric power to almost 34 million people daily.
The districts that come under this company are:
- D.G. khan
- R.Y. khan
Karachi electric supply company (KESC)
This is the only private electricity supply company in Pakistan; it is responsible for generating, transmission, and distributing electricity in all the areas that come under its jurisdiction. This company is located in the biggest city of Pakistan that is Karachi.
They are working a lot to produce large amounts of electricity; recently, they announced an almost 700 MW power project at Port Qasim Karachi.
Peshawar electric power company (PESCO)
PESCO company is located in Peshawar; it is responsible for power distribution to 2.6 million people living in the civil districts of the KPK province. There are different types of transmission lines used to transfer energy to the required areas.
Eight circles are covering the area that comes under the jurisdiction of PESCO; these are:
- Bannu circle
- Khyber circle
- Swabi circle
- Peshawar circle
- Swat circle
- Mardan circle
- Hazara-1 circle
- Hazara-2 circle
Quetta electric supply company (QESCO)
This is one of Pakistan’s most significant supply companies; this company is responsible for a whole province. The whole of Baluchistan comes under the jurisdiction of this company. Approximately it covers almost 43% area of Pakistan.
Tribal electric supply company (TESCO)
This company is small compared to the other ones; it is responsible for the distribution of electric supply to the federal areas of Pakistan. This company is responsible for the FATA and the frontier regions.